Bullfrog Films
27 minutes
Grades 7-12, College, Adult

Directed by Martin Otanez and Christopher Walker
Produced by Television Trust for the Environment

DVD Purchase $79, Rent $45

US Release Date: 2003
Copyright Date: 2002
DVD ISBN: 1-59458-128-2
VHS ISBN: 1-59458-011-1

African Studies
Business Practices
Developing World
International Studies
International Trade

Awards and Festivals
Honorable Mention, Columbus International Film & Video Festival
Life III Series
Up in Smoke

Dependence on tobacco crops and manipulation by the tobacco industry has stunted the economy of Malawi.

In the southern African country of Malawi tobacco is the major export crop, responsible for 70% of all export earnings. Agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi's economy, accounting for over 90% of GDP. Out of a total population of 11 million, the majority of Malawians are farmers, and seven million owe their livelihoods to the tobacco industry.

But economic dependency on tobacco has not brought the country wealth. According to the World Bank, over 60% of Malawians live below the poverty line, with limited access to land, little education, and poor health. Despite the diminished returns from tobacco growing, the government has actually increased the land under cultivation. Malawians are now questioning if the wealth promised from growing tobacco is really an illusion.

With the support of The Rockefeller Foundation.

The other titles in this series are:

1. The Road from Rio - Questions the relevance and success of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg.

2. Danger: Children at Work - Guatemalan agencies try to discourage child labor and fireworks production by poor families.

3. The Trade Trap - Ghanaian farmers struggle to get a foothold in the international market.

4. Kosovo: Rebuilding the Dream - Assesses the success of UN efforts in rebuilding Kosovo.

5. The Perfect Famine - Examines the causes of, and solutions to, severe famine conditions in Malawi.

6. It Takes a Village - A cyclone in Bangladesh results in the construction of an experimental community health center.

7. Seeing is Believing - Zambia begins a nationwide program to deliver Vitamin A to its population.

8. Cheated of Childhood - The International Labor Organization tries to rescue and rehabilitate the street children of St. Petersburg.

9. Patents and Patients - India battles HIV/AIDS using generic drugs.

10. The Doctor's Story - The US debate over abortion has severe consequences for health care in rural Nepal.

11. Sowing Seeds of Hunger - The AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa has crippled the agricultural community while forcing children to undertake the responsibilities of farming.

Web Page: http://www.bullfrogfilms.com/catalog/l3uis.html

"Up In Smoke is concise, yet it fully and fairly analyzes the impact of globalization in this setting. It is an excellent film for sparking debate among younger audiences, and is highly recommended to anyone high school age and over."

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