Investigates employee-owned businesses that provide secure, dignified jobs in democratic workplaces even in today's economic crisis.
Directed by Melissa Young and Mark Dworkin
Produced by Melissa Young
Associate Producer: Natasha Dworkin, Tony Harrah
Photography, Editing: Mark Dworkin
A Moving Images Production
[Note: Community screenings of SHIFT CHANGE can be booked at Bullfrog Communities.]
"A compelling story of real possibilities at a time when many think there are no solutions to this current difficult economic situation." Paul Hazen, President & CEO, National Cooperative Business Association
SHIFT CHANGE: PUTTING DEMOCRACY TO WORK tells the little known stories of employee-owned businesses that compete successfully in today's economy while providing secure, dignified jobs in democratic workplaces.
With the long decline in US manufacturing and today's economic crisis, millions have been thrown out of work, and many are losing their homes. The usual economic solutions are not working, so some citizens and public officials are ready to think outside of the box, to reinvent our failing economy in order to restore long term community stability and a more egalitarian way of life.
There is growing interest in firms that are owned and managed by their workers. Such firms tend to be more profitable and innovative, and more committed to the communities where they are based. Yet the public has little knowledge of their success, and the promise they offer for a better life.
Amongst the organizations featured in SHIFT CHANGE are:
Mondragón Cooperative Corporation - Begun in the 1950s, the Mondragón co-ops have transformed a depressed area of Spain into one of the most productive in Europe with a high standard of living and an egalitarian way of life. They are owned and managed by their workers. Seeing the achievements of the MCC helps to overcome the idea-widespread in North America-that worker run cooperatives can only exist on the economic fringe.
The Evergreen Cooperatives in Cleveland, OH - This is an ambitious urban redevelopment model, directly inspired by Mondragón, where local institutions and public officials are supporting green cooperatives of previously marginalized, predominantly African American workers, who provide commercial laundry services, install solar energy systems, and grow vegetables in vast urban greenhouses.
Arizmendi Association of Cooperatives, San Francisco, California - Started 30 years ago, there are now six of these independent worker owned and managed cooperative bakeries that work together to provide the financial and legal services they need, and to incubate new coop bakeries.
Equal Exchange, Boston MA: Founded in 1986, Equal Exchange is one of the largest roasters of fair trade coffee in the world.
Other films by Mark Dworkin and Melissa Young are We Are Not Ghosts, Good Food, Argentina: Hope in Hard Times and Argentina: Turning Around, Net Loss, Another World is Possible, Not for Sale, Gene Blues, Islas Hermanas and Risky Business.
Grade Level: Grades 10-12, College, Adult
US Release Date: 2013
Copyright Date: 2013
DVD ISBN: 1-93777-238-1
"This is a very important film on a very important topic that is almost completely neglected by business schools. As our current economic structures veer ever closer to collapse, the cooperative alternative has become more important and more attractive. Seeing the sophistication of these businesses and listening to these co-op member/owners talk about their work is totally inspiring. Another world IS possible - and it looks like this!"
Jill Bamburg, Core Faculty, Bainbridge Graduate Institute, Author, Getting to Scale: Growing Your Business without Selling Out
"Shift Change offers us living examples as well as an inspiring vision of what a productive, just, and sustainable economy can look like. The film's core message can help to build bridges across different groups who are united in their commitment to the economic vitality and fairness of their own communities. The overall message, the cases, and the analysis are exactly what we need to help chart pathways out of the global economic crisis."
George Cheney, Professor and Coordinator, Doctoral Education in Communication and Information, Associate Investigator, Ohio Employee Ownership Center, Kent State University, Author, Values at Work: Employee Participation Meets Market Pressure at Mondragón
"One of the barriers to fostering cooperative values and businesses in North America is the lack of awareness of the benefits that well organized cooperatives with good business practices can offer to workers and communities. Educating the public to the cooperative approach to business is an important contribution which Shift Change can make."
Ted Howard, Executive Director of Democracy Collaborative, University of Maryland
"A refreshing and thoughtful response to those who argue there are no better or even viable alternatives to our current for-profit, top-down market-based economic organizations...The film exposes the viewer to the wide range of workers (from highly skilled engineers to newly arrived immigrant workers) as well as workplaces (from household appliances to industrial laundry) engaged in cooperative production. Shift Change could easily be used effectively in economics, sociology, political science, and management courses."
Randy Albelda, Professor of Economics and Senior Research Associate at the Center for Social Policy, University of Massachusetts-Boston
"A first-rate documentary...A unique educational film. Shift Change persuasively demonstrates the success of worker cooperatives in building industry through democratic ownership that also paves the way to advancing new forms of democracy in capitalist society. What makes the film so convincing is the overwhelming evidence that is conveyed to all that cooperatives are imperative in advancing the American Dream of worker control and democratic governance. Shift Change is a sweeping and indispensable documentary!"
Immanuel Ness, Professor of Political Science, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Co-Editor, Ours to Master and To Own: Worker Control from the Commune to the Present
"The world has changed but most businesses are still run as they if it were last century with a few on top operating with as little concern for their workers as for the community or the environment. Fortunately, against this model stands a vibrant group of worker cooperatives stretching from the Basque region of northern Spain to the rust belt cities of Cleveland, Pittsburgh, and Madison Wisconsin. Shift Change tells how workers are creating a new business model, one that is democratic, egalitarian, and concerned for the community; a model that is also, ultimately, more productive because it draws on the talents and the skills of the workers themselves."
Gerald Friedman, Professor of Economics, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
"The North American worker cooperatives and the Mondragón cooperatives in Shift Change tell a compelling story of real possibilities at a time when many think there are no solutions to this current difficult economic situation."
Paul Hazen, President and CEO of the National Cooperative Business Association
"Any new economy that is more just, democratic and green must open the door to more democratic forms of ownership. Shift Change nimbly moves from the successful cooperatives of Mondragon, Spain to efforts to build cooperatives across the United States."
John Cavanagh, Director of the Institute for Policy Studies, co-Chair of the New Economy Working Group
"Gorgeous! Simply beautiful! I love what I see so far. The U.S. Federation of Worker Cooperatives strongly supports this project."
Melissa Hoover, Executive Director, U.S. Federation of Worker Cooperatives
"The basic purpose of Shift Change is to encourage the development of work cooperatives in North America as one solution to our severe economic problems as well as a means for a regional economy to compete successfully in the global economy. We at the CMRC can see using the documentary in many ways."
Dan Swinney, Executive Director of Chicago Manufacturing Renaissance Council
"An uplifting film that offers cross-cultural perspectives on worker-owned, worker-run businesses. This film would be appropriate for courses dealing with issues of social class, the economy, social change, or worker rights."
Amy Blackstone, Associate Professor and Chair of Sociology, University of Maine
"This is an essential introduction to worker-ownership. The film presents the building blocks of cooperativism, from the pleasure and pain of group decision-making to the process of building networks of coops, clearly and compellingly in the words of worker-owners themselves."
Chris Tilly, Professor of Urban Planning, Director of the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, University of California-Los Angeles
"Brilliant...For the labor movement, the film opens up the interesting question of what would a union worker cooperative model look like. In an economy where casino-like investment decisions are rewarded and outsourcing of employment hurts us all, worker cooperatives present a healthy alternative to business as usual and the usual types of businesses."
Jeff Johnson, President, Washington State Labor Council, AFL-CIO
"Highly recommended...Fascinating and inspiring. While viewing this, one may often find oneself asking, 'How can I get started?' The film not only lays out a blueprint for success in forming a progressive cooperative, but encourages the practice as a manner to establish a community consciousness...Addresses such issues as wage pressures, competition, and globalization...A beautifully crafted film."
Michael J. Coffta, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, Educational Media Reviews Online
"This documentary should become standard viewing for any course devoted to the anthropology of work, as well as topics such as urban anthropology, anthropology of the United States, and economic anthropology...Be prepared for spirited discussion. If it does not come automatically, be prepared to incite it. You might consider putting some of the principles discussed in the film into practice in the classroom...Support for cooperatives in the United States could rescue some of our dying cities, make irrelevant the last vestiges of our vanishing labor movement, and realize some of the fine values articulated in our founding political documents and the speeches they inspire. Your classroom is as good a place to start as any."
E. Paul Durrenberger, Draco Hill, Anthropology of Work Review
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Case studies of individual coops including some not in the film, SDH captions for the deaf and hard-of-hearing and scene selection.
The film's website
The producers' website
Host a community screening
Truthout's interview with Mark Dworkin
Real News Network covers the film and issue
Awards and Festivals
Spirit of Place Award, Orlando Latin American Film Festival
United Nations Association Film Festival
Salt Spring Film Festival
Reel Work May Day Labor Film Festival
LaborFest San Francisco
World Community Film Festival
Seattle Social Justice Film Festival
Normale.at Film Festival
Iron Horse Film Fesitval, Taiwan
Public Interest Law Film Festival
DOCTalks Film Festival
South African Eco Film Festival
Labor and Work Issues
Argentina: Turning Around
An intimate view of new models of work, politics and community development in Argentina.
Argentina: Hope in Hard Times
The Argentine people, in the face of economic collapse, provide a hopeful example for the rest of us.
Nothing Like Chocolate
The story of Mott Green and the solar-powered Grenada Chocolate Company, a farmers' and chocolate-makers' co-op, which makes organic chocolate from tree-to-bar.
Buyer Be Fair
Looks at the benefits of fair trade goods and product certification for people and the environment.
Economics and its relation to social change and our lifestyles.
Marilyn Waring demystifies global economics from a feminist perspective.
What's the Economy for, Anyway?
Ecological economist Dave Batker questions whether GDP is an adequate measure of society's well-being and suggests workable alternatives.
We Are Not Ghosts
Detroiters are reinventing the old Motor City as a vibrant new self-sustaining and human-scaled city for a post industrial world.
Forest communities can have both jobs and trees.
... more Reviews
"This solutions-oriented documentary could breathe fresh air into classroom discussion on issues that all too often appear static and unchanging. Classes in sociology, political science, and economics could use the film to prompt discussion of cooperative structures and participation. Students will be challenged to think through the social and economic implications of alternatives to corporate capitalism...This highly accessible and engaging film could introduce students to worker owned cooperatives and inspire them to imagine an alternative, better, fairer, and feasible economic structure."
Karen McCormack, Wheaton College, Visual Studies
"One of the most powerful messages of the film is the importance of symbolic power in creating alternatives to mainstream economic models...People have to see real examples to believe in and want to build the alternative...The film is well done. It provides an overview of a range of cooperatives emerging in the US and demonstrates the importance of Mondragon as a beacon of inspiration."
Vishwas Satgar and Michelle Williams, Wits University, The New Labor Forum
"A timely documentary..Offers an energizing look at the workings of the giant cooperative model, Mondragon, in Basque, Spain. The film also covers strong US-based worker-owned enterprises that prove the investor Wall Street model of business is not necessary to a successful company."
Mark Karlin, Truthout
"Shift Change brings you behind the scenes at some of the most exciting cooperative successes in Europe and the United States. This is a movement that's creating jobs, strengthening communities, and showing that another economy is possible. It's a movement that's taking off--and this film is the way to understand what's happening."
Sarah Van Gelder, Executive Editor, YES! Magazine
"A vivid example of pro-worker businesses...Shift Change offers a bright ray of hope for a sustainable, worker-friendly way of life. Highly recommended"
The Midwest Book Review
"An exciting premise - workers are more motivated when they own a company, rather than when they just work for it...Viewers are exposed to the interiors of many factories as people working at various levels are interviewed. Employees are thrilled to be sharing ownership."
Ellen Frank, Jamaica High School, School Library Journal
"An upbeat message...Makes an interesting argument for the benefits of this alternative business approach. Recommended."
"The phrase 'worker cooperative' probably evokes vague notions of overseas Communism, small-time craft vendors, or the organic grocery store around the corner. Underneath that cultural baggage, though, it's a pretty simple idea: Whatever the enterprise, every employee who qualifies has a vote on business matters and is invested in the company...Shift Change argues that in an economy where not much is certain, it's worth considering different ways for ordinary people to join forces in the name of profit."
Joe Warminsky, Washington City Paper
"How would work be if everyone had an equal say in the success and development of a business? Can democracy in the workplace translate to a successfully run company?...Through in-depth interviews with members of employee-owned companies across the United States and in Spain, the filmmakers succeed in helping to frame the debate about work and business development in a more humane light."
Erin Kesler, Catalysta